November is the eleventh and penultimate month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars and the fourth and last month to have the length of 30 days. November was the ninth month of the ancient Roman calendar.
The JACK of Clubs Club's November JACK of Clubs Hedy Lamarr
Hedy Lamarr was a beautiful Austrian-American actress during MGM's "Golden Age" who also left her mark on technology. She helped develop an early technique for "spread spectrum" technology that helped to galvanize the digital communications boom, forming the technical backbone that makes cellular phones, fax machines and other wireless operations possible.
Actress Hedy Lamarr was born Hedwig Eva Maria Kiesler on November 9, 1913, in Vienna, Austria. Discovered by an Austrian film director as a teenager, she gained international notice in 1933, with her role in the sexually charged Czech film Ecstasy. After her unhappy marriage ended with Fritz Mandl, a wealthy Austrian munitions manufacturer who sold arms to the Nazis, she fled to the United States and signed a contract with the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studio in Hollywood under the name Hedy Lamarr. Upon the release of her first American film, Algiers, co-starring Charles Boyer, Lamarr became an immediate box-office sensation.